Cost Sharing Overview
- Types of Cost Sharing
- Contribution Sources
- Process Overview
- Additional Procedures
Cost sharing - is the portion of a project or program cost not borne by the sponsor. It is the University's share in the cost of conducting the project/program. Cost sharing occurs either when a sponsor requires, or the University commits in a proposal, funds beyond those awarded by the sponsoring agency to support a particular grant or contract.
Cost sharing may be required by federal sponsors, and the obligation must be met using non-federal funds. Only charges that would be allowable as direct costs to the award are allowable as cost sharing. Federal flow through funds may not be used as a cost sharing source unless prior written approval has been received from both the federal sponsor and the flow through sponsor.
The "cost share" pledge may be either a fixed amount of money, or a percentage of the project costs, or the commitment of a specified level of effort. The term "cost matching" often refers to cost sharing where the amount required as cost share is equla to the amount received from the sponsor. This is also known as dollar-for-dollar cost sharing or matching.
• Mandatory (M): Cost sharing that the sponsor requires as a condition of the award.
- For example, if the total cost of a project is $150,000, the sponsor might award $100,000 and require that the University provide (or find an outside source to provide) the additional $50,000 from non-federal funding sources.
- The sponsor may require the University to provide either a fixed amount of money or a percentage of the total project costs as cost sharing.
• Voluntary Committed (R): Cost sharing that the PI commits in the project proposal budget or the budget justification that is not required by the sponsor.
- The University discourages cost sharing commitments when not required by the sponsor.
- The commitment is expressed as a dollar amount or a percent of effort.
• Shift (S= Long term shift) or (SS=Short term Shift): Cost share that is created when a faculty member moves their committed effort from being paid by the award to being paid from non-grant sources without reducing their effort on the award.
- A short term shift is for a period less than 6 months in duration and does not require a cost share addendum (GC1 addendum) but is noted on the FEC.
- For a long term shift of 6 months or more, the department should submit to GCA a cost share addendum and calculator spreadsheet. GCA enters the commitment into the cost share summary so that it will be displayed the FEC.
- Learn more about shifts in effort from Management Accounting and Analysis.
• Salary Cap(C): Cost sharing required of faculty whose Institutional Base Salary (IBS) exceed the sponsor mandated salary (cap) that can be paid with the award funds.
- Salary Cap cost sharing is required by (applies to flow through awards as well):
- National Institute of Health (NIH)
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
- Center for Disease Control (CDC) (after December 23, 2011)
- As well as some non-federal sponsors
- Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) (after December 23, 2011)
- Additional information for Salary Cap Cost Share is available via Salary Cap Limitations information published by Management Accounting and Analysis.
• “K” award cost share (K): Cost share that occurs when the combination of the required level of effort and salary limitation on the award does not allow for the corresponding level of the faculty member’s salary to be paid from the “K” award.
- For Example; A “K” award often requires a minimum 75% effort and limits the salary amount to be funded at $95k per year. If the faculty member’s Institutional base salary is $150k, 75% is $112.5k. The difference between $112.5k and $95k ($17.5k) is often cost shared.
NOTE: Salary cap(C) and K award (K) cost share are not included in a proposal as cost share and no cost share commitment is entered into the eFECS Cost Share Summary application. However, both Salary Cap and K award cost share will be noted on the FEC.
- Federal guidelines define appropriate sources of cost sharing.
- Guidance from GCA on Allowable Non-FEC Cost Share Contribution Sources.
The following outlines the different stages of an award and the special steps taken when an award includes cost sharing.
- PI—refers to the principal investigator and/or a staff member with delegated authority
- Sponsor--the organization or person providing the grant/contract
- OSP-- Office of Sponsored Programs
- GCA--Grant and Contract Accounting
- MAA--Management Accounting and Analysis
- eFA—electronic Funding Action
Prepare the cost share pledge by:
9. Submit the support letters with the rest of the proposal package to OSP.
Contact OSP with any questions regarding the pledge
|Throughout Life of Grant||PI||
Most changes to mandatory cost sharing pledges must be reviewed and approved by the Office of Sponsored Programs (OSP) and often by the sponsor. This includes increases or decreases to the percentage of funds pledged or to dollar amounts pledged. After OSP reviews and approves a change to a cost sharing pledge, an ePAC is issued with the revised cost sharing addendum and sent to GCA. GCA will update information in the eFECS Cost Share Module based on the addendum included on the ePAC.
- Grant and Contract Accounting can ONLY change cost sharing information without an electronic Post Award Change (ePAC) in the following situations:
- when the effort of a faculty member who is not the PI or other “key personnel” identified in the award is substituted for that of another faculty member and the overall dollar amount of the cost share is not reduced,
- when a cost sharing pledge must be moved to a continuation budget,
- at expiration, if total amount of cost sharing pledged is based on a percentage of total expenditures and actual cost sharing funds equal that calculated amount,
- when a faculty member wants to perform cost sharing in a different cycle than that listed in the eFECS Cost Share Module, if that cycle is within the grant period, or
- when changes to a committed cost share pledge are requested. (However, reductions in overall mandatory cost share must be approved by Office of Sponsored Programs.)
- UW Grants Information Memorandum (GIM) 21 - Cost Sharing Policy for Sponsored Agreement
Office of Management and Budget Circulars:
- A-21 Cost Principles for Educational Institutions
- A-110 Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and other Non-Profit Organizations
University of Washington Guidance
- Management Accounting and Analysis : Faculty Effort Certification (FEC)
- Grant and Contract Accounting:
- Learn more about the Non FEC Contribution Reporting Process
- Non-FEC Cost Share Contribution Step-by-Step Instructions
- Learn more about the Allowable Non-FEC Contribution Sources
- are preparing your proposal or waiting to hear about a submitted proposal, contact the Office of Sponsored Programs via:
- email email@example.com
- phone at 206.543.4043
- have cost share questions on your award, contact Grant and Contract Accounting (GCA) via:
- have faculty effort certification questions on your award, contact eFECS via:
- email firstname.lastname@example.org